- In 1972 Washington refused to conduct any dialogue or any diplomatic relations at the ambassadorial level with the Jamahiriya. On 30 May 1973, a US aircraft entered Libyan air space during the maneuvers of the Sixth Fleet.

- In 1974 the delivery of 8 DC 1309 planes to Libya was blocked, despite the previous payment of $60,000 in cash.

- On 3 January 1975 the US Secretary of State threatened to use force against oil-producing countries.

- In 1977 the Pentagon put the Jamahiriya on its list of enemies of the USA.
- In 1978 the USA waged an undeclared economic war against Libya with the aim of discontinuing Libya's export business, including the delivery of Boeing planes for civilian air traffic.

- On 24 January 1978 the US Department of State declared that Libya was the first state against which the USA would take retaliatory measures on account of its position on the Palestinian question.

- During the period from 27 to 30 July 1978, the Sixth US Fleet conducted maneuvers near Libyan territorial waters.

- In 1979 the CIA began to recruit agents and mercenaries through "Thomas Allen Tunin", chief of the CIA unit in New Delhi, including the spy Mohammed Youssef Al-Magrief.

- On 8 and 9 August 1979 the Sixth US Fleet conducted maneuvers near Libyan territorial waters at 32.30ø latitude. The Libyan Foreign Ministry was obliged to deliver a memorandum to the American charg‚ d'affaires in Jamahiriya to the effect that Libya would defend its territorial waters if necessary.

- On 10 April 1980 the American authorities put pressure on the employees of the Libyan People's Bureau in Washington and expelled four members of the mission from the country.

- On 12 May 1980 American conspiratorial cells engaging in espionage activities were exposed. Their task had been to widen and deepen the rift between the USA and Libya.

- In the summer of 1980 a plan was worked out to shoot down the plane of Muammar Al-Qadhafi, leader of the revolution, on a flight to Eastern Europe. An Italian plane flying over Ostika was shot down instead by mistake.

- In May 1981 President Reagan ordered the expulsion of the employees of the Libyan People's Bureau in Washington.

- On 27 July 1981 "Newsweek" published an article reporting that CIA Director William Casey had authorized an extensive plan to overthrow the popular democratic system in Jamahiriya. According to information released by a Congressman, the purpose of this plan was to assassinate Muammar Al-Qadhafi.

- On 8 August 1981 the CIA Director formulated a plan for a media and psychological war aimed at stirring up hatred. If necessary, the plan also called for physically eliminating people. It was President Reagan who approved this plan.

- At 7:12 a.m. on 19 August 1981 the Gulf of Sirte was attacked. Eight American planes attacked two reconnaissance planes of the Libyan-Arab air force which were on a routine reconnaissance flight over Libyan territory. Both Libyan planes were shot down.

- On 31 August "Newsweek" published an article entitled "The Undeclared War" which stated that the air battle over the Mediterranean would not end the undeclared war. The USA was convinced, the article continued, that Qadhafi was a danger to the pro-West regimes. This was also the reason for the Reagan administration's efforts to eliminate him as an active political and military power.

- On 17 October 1981 the Sixth US Fleet began maneuvers near the Gulf of Sirte lasting until 22 October 1981.

- On 16 February 1981 there was a clash between Libyan and American planes after the American planes had violated Libyan air space 80 km. from Benghazi.

- On 17 February 1983 President Reagan ordered the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier "Nimitz" to sail in the direction of Libyan coastal waters.

- During the year 1984 several spies in the hire of the CIA entered the country for the purpose of carrying out assassinations and stirring up unrest. They came in groups on the following dates:

a) On 4 February 1984 five groups entered the country in the following formations:
- First group: Salem Al-Galay, Salem Almani
- Second group: Khaled Yahya Muammar, Abdullah Al-Matouni
- Third group: Saleh Al-Muaddab, Kamal Al-Shami
- Fourth group: Usama Shallouf, Salem Abdul Sallam Al-Hassi
- Fifth group: Nasser Al-Dahra, Jamal Al-Sabai, Anis Mohammed Al-Raeed

b) In April 1984 another group, which had received the same training and had the same mission, entered the country. It consisted of: Al Aref Dakhiel, Mustafa Bu Ghrara.

c) In May 1984 the spy Ahmed Ibrahim Hawas, accompanied by Ammar Al-Hassairi and Bashir Hamouda, entered the country in accordance with a plan meant to make it easier for them to carry out sabotage actions and assassinations. Sudanese passports, maps and drawings, and names of national figures were found on their persons. The plan called for them to carry out the following attacks:

- The elimination of 40 persons whose names were on a list they carried.
- The destruction of vitally important installation and the poisoning of wells and storage tanks for drinking water by means of a chemical they brought with them for this purpose, which was later confiscated by the courts.
- Arson in the public markets which are visited in great numbers by Arabs and foreigners. They succeeded in setting fire to one of these markets by using various types of weapons, bombs, and plastic explosives, which were later confiscated. Descriptions of the weapons used in the crime were recorded individually in the reports of the responsible authorities.

The spies in the abovementioned groups confessed to having received intensive training for these terrorist actions from members of the Sudanese secret service during the Numeri era, as well as from "Mr. Jack", the CIA chief in Sudan. According to their statements, "Mr. Jack" was in direct contact with the leader of these terrorist actions, the above-mentioned

Mohammed Youssef Al-Magrief, and his companion Ali Abdullah Al-Darrat. In the summer of 1985 the "Washington Post" published on its front page a long article by Bob Woodward and Paul Bandwarfok which reported that the US State Department had taken extraordinary actions in the summer of 1985, including sending for the American ambassador to Egypt and putting him in charge of a covert operation. According to the article, an American-Egyptian military action directed from the White House, whose purpose was an Egyptian invasion of Libya and the occupation of one-half of Libya's territory with American assistance, was to be cancelled. This plan had aimed at removing Qadhafi from power.

This operation was recommended by the following persons: Robert McFarlin, advisor for national security; his assistant, John Poindexter; a third man, Donald Foster.

This covert plan to overthrow the popular democratic system in Libya operated under the code name "Flower".

- In 1985 the CIA recruited mercenaries to be trained for several attempts to assassinate the leader of the Libyan revolution. One of these plans called for sprinkling into his food a substance that would weaken his immune system and thus cause a gradual death whose symptoms could not be quickly recognized. On 18 June 1985 the CIA prepared a report entitled "Gap-Leavers" which admits that the agents who were hired were unreliable. This was even confirmed by assistant CIA chief Jack Mahoon.

- In 1986 President Reagan issued an administrative order setting 1 February 1986 as the deadline by which all American citizens and businesses were to end any kind of cooperation with Libya.

- On 24 March 1986 the USA carried out a military air-and-sea attack on the Gulf of Sirte in which three aircraft carriers participated.

- On 25 March 1986 the USA violated the UN Charter and international law in every conceivable way by conducting a dangerous undertaking against the Jamahiriya. US Navy planes in the Mediterranean near the Gulf of Sirte bombarded civilian targets in the Gulf of Sirte and a Coast Guard boat which was on a routine reconnaissance trip. Furthermore, a Coast Guard ship which was also on a routine reconnaissance trip in Libyan territorial waters was also attacked. The brutal result of this adventure was the death of the entire crew - 10 men - of the Coast Guard boat. The crew of the Coast Guard ship - 42 men - survived the attack and were swimming to shore when the US Navy eliminated them.

- On 25 March 1986 the US administration authorized the Commander of the Sixth Fleet, which is stationed in the Mediterranean, to attack Libyan airports if US ships or aircraft were attacked by the Libyan armed forces.

- On 31 March 1986 the Egyptian newspaper "Al-Ahram" reported that the USA had proposed to Egypt three times during recent months that the two countries conduct a joint military action against Libya.

- On 4 April 1986 US Vice President Bush continued his travels in the Near East. He visited the US aircraft carrier "Enterprise", which was stationed off the coast of the Sultanate of Oman. When Bush told the Marines that the Sixth Fleet's attack on Libya the previous month had been a tough lesson for Qadhafi which had given him a nosebleed, he was greeted with cheers.

- On 15 April 1986 the US made a tyrannical attack on Libya: 19 US airplanes carried out President Reagan's order to bombard the house of Muammar Al-Qadhafi, as well as Tripoli and Benghazi. Innocent civilians were killed, many women and children were wounded, and homes and holy places were destroyed. Great Britain, which was the F111 planes' starting point, participated in this deliberate aggression. The purpose of this attack, according to statements made by several American politicians, was to change the popular democratic system in Libya. Vernon Walters, the permanent US representative to the UN, declared that the US administration remained determined to continue its efforts to change this system.

- On 15 April 1986 US Secretary of State Weinberger declared that the US combat aircraft had attacked five targets. One of these targets was the Al-Azizia barracks, headquarters of the supreme command of Colonel Muammar Al-Qadhafi.

- On 15 April 1986 the British daily newspaper "Daily Mail", referring to Washington sources, reported that former President Ronald Reagan had had a secret plan to overthrow the popular democratic system in Libya. A number of Libyan officers who had been recruited abroad by the CIA were to carry out this mission.

- On 16 April 1986 American pilots who had participated in the air attack on Libya stated that the purpose of the attack had been the assassination of Qadhafi.

- On 17 April 1986 the London "Daily Mail" reported that former President Reagan had had a secret plan to overthrow the Libyan government; furthermore, the article continues, the CIA was trying to make contact with former Libyan officers in order to induce them to overthrow the system, and had opened a special bank account to finance this operation.

- On 18 April 1986 US Secretary of State George Schulz declared that the overthrow of the popular democratic system in Libya would be a good thing; in his office at the State Department, he repeated that the targets of the air attack had been selected so as to show the Libyan military that this air attack was aimed at overthrowing the system.

- On 18 April 1986 the "Wall Street Journal" quoted two high-ranking administration officials as saying that the US administration had drawn up the following plan:

- to conduct maneuvers preparing for an attack on vital targets
- to prepare for special CIA operations aimed at overthrowing the system in Libya
- to conduct joint actions with France against Libya
- to send an American official to Europe to convince US allies that an economic boycott of Libya was necessary.

- In 1986 the USA launched a covert and extraordinary disinformation campaign which was part of a secret plan authorized during a secret meeting at the White House on 14 August 1986. Its purpose was to stir up unrest and create the impression that an opposition existed within Libya.

- On 25 April 1986, well-informed Western circles reported that several European countries had received information to the effect that the US administration was planning the assassination of Libyan Leader Muammar Al-Qadhafi; for this purpose a special commando unit had been formed which included agents from the Near East recruited by the CIA.

On 26 April the British "Times" wrote that according to American officials the purpose of the attack on Libya had been the assassination of the Libyan Leader.

- On 14 May 1986 the US State Department terminated a contract with FIAT concerning the delivery of 170 bulldozers to the US Navy, on the grounds that the Libyan government was represented on the firm's Board of Directors.

- On 5 October 1986 the "Washington Post" wrote that the US State Department had distributed a working paper on 6 August concerning the transformation of the popular democratic system in Libya.

- On 5 October 1986 the "Washington Post" published an internal paper of the US State Department from August which contained a plan to assassinate Muammar Al-Qadhafi.

- On 22 February 1987 the "New York Times" and the "Sunday Times" published a joint report on the American air attack on Libya. The author of this article, who had interviewed more than 70 American officials, confirmed that the true purpose of this air attack was not to destroy the training camps of the irregulars or military installations, but to assassinate Al-Qadhafi.

The report goes on to say that President Reagan had held a special meeting at which the possibility of killing Al-Qadhafi had been discussed after former CIA chief William Casey had convinced him of the necessity of this action.

- In December 1987 the US Secretary of State began his trip to Africa, in the course of which he visited eight countries, including the countries in the Sahel. He called on the latter for cooperation and solidarity against Libya.

- On 22 December 1987 the first American arms shipment arrived in Njamina on a C-S-Glasy aircraft. At the same time, the US State Department declared that President Ronald Reagan had approved military aid for Hussain Habre amounting to $15,000,000.

- In 1987 troops trained to carry out sabotage operations arrived in Chad. Their training had been specially tailored to American plans for attacking Libya. Chad offered these troops operational possibilities. Military camps were built, including the Um Sanina camp. Barracks for military experts were erected; unlimited financial aid was provided. Immoral methods of treatment and psychological warfare were used against the Libyan hostages in Chad.

Some of them were even killed in the presence of other hostages because they refused to join these terrorist troops. The murdered hostages included Major Abdul Salman Sahban and Group Captain Abdulsalem Sharf Al-Deen.

After the victory of the troops of President Idris Debi and the overthrow of the regime of the agent Habri in November 1990, the US administration perpetrated an act of piracy against these hostages, which occurred as follows:

- On 7 December 1990 a US C 141-Nr-50280 aircraft stationed in Ramstein (FRG) landed at Njamina airport. The American ambassador to Chad was present. Two hundred Libyan hostages were transported against their will in this aircraft to Nigeria.

- On 8 December 1990, 450 Libyan hostages were transported in the same way from Njamina airport to Zaire.

- On 16 December 1991 the London-based Arab newspaper "Al-Hayat" reported that its correspondent had visited a CIA-run training camp in the state of Virginia for the Libyan hostages that the USA had kidnapped from Chad.

These troops had already received some training in Chad under the leadership of Colonel Robert Bag, the former American ambassador to Chad. Bag had even planned to transport them to the USA and train them there for subsequent sabotage actions against the Jamahiriya.

A man calling himself "Khalifa Haftar" admitted this quite openly in an interview for "Al-Hayat" on 19 December 1991.

He added that the Americans had declared that they were fully prepared to offer every type of training for air and ground operations against the Jamahiriya.
* Source: mathaba.net


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