Saif Al Islam Gaddafi: Long-term stability in Africa depends on Africans. We cannot expect the rich countries of the world to continue to police Africa indefinitely, and we do not want a future where our regional stability is at the mercy of the foreign policy aspirations of nations from outside of the region
How Might the ARRF be Organized? Establishing the right command and control architecture is the first step towards the achievement of our aim and we have a number of successful models to choose from. However, our particular security environment would suggest that an organization modelled along the following lines would be appropriate:

Command and Control

Total personnel strength of this headquarters would probably be around 400 with static, regional, subsidiary headquarters/reporting stations in countries to the north, east and west of the continent. An initial location for this headquarters might be in South Africa, where there is excellent infrastructure with access to ports and airfields. The Civil Affairs element is a vital part of any peace support operation. 
Generally speaking, in the initial stages the military are in complete control because they have to create the secure environment necessary for progress. Initially the military commander on the ground is the overall commander, but he is being advised by the Civil Affairs Element, who will be planning for the longer-term establishment of civilian control. As the situation improves, at some stage (approved by the African Union) the military commander will hand over control to an appointed African Union High Representative, who will then assume overall control with
the military in direct support. Once the situation has improved sufficiently, on the advice of the African Union, the High Representative might hand back control to a re-constituted national government. The headquarters would be organized along the following lines and it would be sensible, in the first instance, to adopt the most commonly acknowledged staff system that would be replicated at every level, in every headquarters throughout the ARRF.

Organization of HQ ARRF

Land Element 
● 1 x Mechanized Brigade (1 x Light Tank Battalion; 3 x Wheeled Armoured Personnel Carrier Battalions plus a 105 mm light gun battalion and supporting troops) ● 3 x Light Brigades (Each Brigade has 3 x Light Infantry Battalions and 1 x 120 mm Mortar Battalion plus supporting troops) ● 1 x Special Forces Battalion ● 1 x Independent Engineer Battalion ● 1 x Independent Communications Battalion ● 1 x Independent Combat Service Support Battalion ● 1 x Field Hospital
This land element would require at least 20,000 personnel. We would envisage each brigade being under the command of a capable ‘lead’ nation with contingents from other nations included in the brigade structure. In the initial stages, and for ease of training and coordination, the four brigades could be stationed in locations to the north, south, east and west of the continent.

Long-term stability in Africa depends on Africans. We cannot expect the rich countries of the world to continue to police Africa indefinitely, and we do not want a future where our regional stability is at the mercy of the foreign policy aspirations of nations from outside of the region

Possible organization of an ARRF Light Brigade

Air Element 
● 3 x Fighter Ground Attack Squadrons ● 3 x Tactical Heavy Lift Squadrons (C-130 types) ● 1 x Air to Air Refueling Squadron ● 1 x Attack Helicopter Squadron ● 2 x Support Helicopter Squadrons ● 2 x Light Helicopter Squadrons (some aircraft armed) ● 1 x Command and Control Group ● 1 x Administrative Support Group ● 1 x Aircraft Engineering Group ● 1 x Ground Engineering Group
Approximately 4,000 personnel required for this air element, which would have to be at an extremely high readiness state. 
Libya is one of the few nations in Africa that has the strategic airlift capability required for such operations. And the comprehensive Libyan air transport fleet includes two AN-124 Condor aircraft. Peacekeeping operations in Burundi, which were led by South Africa, were hampered by the nonavailability of such aircraft.
Sea Element 
● 2 x Command Vessels ● 2 x Frigates (for naval gunfire support) ● 2 x Amphibious Landing Vessels ● 1 x Hospital Ship ● 1 x Marine Battalion ● 2 x Logistics and Administrative Support Groups ● 3 or 4 Fleet Support Vessels
Possibly 4,000 personnel will be required in this sea element. Because of the length of the African coastline, it would make good sense for this force to be at the Southern tip of the continent (in South Africa) providing the strategic option of deploying to either the west or east coast as the situation demands.
Article first published: RUSI JOURNAL DECEMBER 2002
 


Comments

Mike
01/25/2017 02:10

Awesome.

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